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Nursery Crop Science

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Anthony V. LeBude
Nursery Extension Specialist

Engaging cooperative extension agents, growers and consumers to enhance the value of plants and landscapes while also conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment


80% Extension•20% Research

  • Develop publications, training materials and in-service training programs to aid county extension agents in their efforts to assist North Carolina growers.
  • Develop new technologies for growers to understand and implement effective best management practices to optimize ecosystem services.
  • Evaluate new plant introductions and cultivars for adaptation to the southeast US.

Contact Information

Anthony V. LeBude
Assistant Professor and
Nursery Extension Specialist
Mountain Horticultural Crops
Research & Extension Center
455 Research Drive
Mills River, NC 28759
Telephone: 828.585.3540
Fax: 828.684.8715


Ph.D. 2005. NC State University, Department of Horticultural Science, Raleigh, NC. Rooting and Physiology of Stem Cuttings of Loblolly Pine.

M.S. 1998. NC State University, Agricultural and Extension Education, Raleigh, NC. Concerns and Induction Assistance Programs of Beginning Teachers in Exploring Biotechnology, Agricultural Education, and Health Occupations Education.

B.S. 1990. Virginia Tech, Horticulture, Blacksburg, VA.


Assistant Professor, Horticultural Science, NC State University, Mills River,

Assistant Director, NC State Loblolly and Slash Pine Rooted Cutting Program, Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, NC State University, Raleigh. 1998-2005.

Interim Vocational Agriculture Teacher, North Davidson Senior High, Lexington, NC. Spring 1997. Cooperating teacher: Donna Koontz Fulton.

Nurseryman, Logan Trading Company, Raleigh, NC. 1994-1998.

Nursery Sales Supervisor, White’s Nursery and Greenhouses, Chesapeake, VA. 1990-1994.

Nurseryman, McDonald Garden Center, Virginia Beach, VA. 1984-1989

Current Projects and Funding

LeBude, A.V. and P.M. Jett. 2008-2010. Using vapor pressure deficit to control intermittent mist frequency. HRI $5000. The core of this project is designed to offer growers a dynamic means of controlling intermittent mist frequency based on the rooting environment. Research began in Summer 2008.

LeBude, A.V. and T.G. Ranney. 2005-2009. Vegetative propagation of Rhododendron flammeum and R. austrinum. SE Chapter ARS. $4000. During this project we have optimized propagation protocols for rooting stem cuttings and mound layering stock plants.

LeBude, A.V. 2006-2010. Effect of ABA application and desiccation to woody ornamentals. Valent USA $10,000.
Cary Hebert is leading this project in partial fulfillment of a Master of Science degree in the Dept. of Hort. Sci.

LeBude, A.V., J. Neal, and J.C. Conner. 2008-2009. Preemergence herbicide applications in container grown native azaleas. Many growers have barely breathed the word herbicide near native azaleas in container production for fear of crop failure. Laborious hand weeding has been the primary mode of weed suppression. This project should produce protocols that both reduce production costs and determine herbicide efficacy in these not-so-delicate natives.

LeBude, A.V., J. Neal, and T.G. Ranney. 2007-2009. Preemergence herbicide application to wet and dry foliage of select species of Calycanthus. NCNLA $2000.

LeBude, A.V. and F.A. Blazich. 2006-present. Propagation protocols for new or underutilized plant materials. NCNLA $4000. Frank and I have rooted (or not) stem cuttings of Persia thunbergii, Daphniphyllum macrocarpum, Osmanthus heterophyllus ’Variegtus’, Castanopsis, and other taxa.

LeBude, A.V., P. Lindsey, A. Spafford, L. Bradley, M. Wallace, and C.D. Ruth. 2005-2007. Improving the landscape design skills of the North Carolina Green Industry. N.C. Extension and Engagement $4000. In this two-day workshop, landscape designers presented and modeled the elements of the landscape design process. Attendees participated in guided, hands-on experiential learning that was peer-reviewed and critiqued by instructors.

LeBude, A.V., B. Upchurch, and J. Neal. 2006-2008. Preemergence herbicide applications to rootstocks prior to grafting. do not affect grafting success. Research conducted on Highland Creek Nursery and grafted by Brian Upchurch. Results have been published widely.



LeBude, A.V., F.A. Blazich, L.C. Walker, and S.M. Robinson. 2008. Seed Germination of Two Populations of Rhododendron vaseyi: Influence of Light and Temperature. J. Environ. Hort. 26(4) 217-221.

LeBude, A.V., B. Goldfarb, F.A. Blazich, J.A. Wright, B. Cazell, F.C. Wise, J. Frampton. 2006. Container Type and Volume Influences Adventitious Rooting and Subsequent Field Growth of Stem Cuttings of Loblolly Pine. Southern J. Appl. For. 30(3) 123-131.

Isik, F., B. Goldfarb, A. LeBude, B. Li and S. McKeand 2005. Predicted genetic gains and testing efficiency from two loblolly pine clonal trials. Can. J. For. Res. 35:1754-1766.

LeBude, A. V., F. A. Blazich, L.J. Frampton, F.C. Wise, and B. Goldfarb. 2005. Mist level influences vapor pressure deficit and gas exchange during rooting of juvenile stem cuttings of loblolly pine. HortScience 40(5):1448-1456.

LeBude, A.V., B. Goldfarb, F.A. Blazich, F.C. Wise and J. Frampton. 2004. Mist, substrate water potential and cutting water potential influence rooting of stem cuttings of loblolly pine. Tree Physiology 24(7):823-831.

Kirby, B.M. and LeBude, A.V. 1998. Induction strategies that work: Keeping Agricultural, Health and Biotechnology Career Development beginning teachers in the classroom. Journal of Vocational and Technical Education 15(1):17-27.

Extension Peer-reviewed Publications

LeBude, A.V. and T.E. Bilderback. 2008. Field Production of Nursery Stock: Field Preparation, Planting, and Planting Density. AG-701W.

LeBude, A.V. and T.E. Bilderback. 2007. Managing Drought on Nursery Crops. AG-519-6.

Bilderback, T.E., A.V. LeBude, J. Neal, C. Safely, C. Adkins, and T. Feithsans. 2007. Best management practices for field production of nursery stock. Available from North Carolina Nursery and Landscape Association. 80 p. 50.

Graduate Students


  • Cary Hebert, M.S. Expected graduation 2009. Seed germination, tissue culture, and plant growth regulators.

Committee Member

  • Elisabeth Meyer, M.S. Expected graduation 2009. Disease screening, tissue culture, and vegetative propagation. (Ranney-chair)
  • Jeff Jones, M.S. Graduated 2008. Breeding, polyploidy manipulation, vegetative propagation. (Ranney-chair)

Written By

Brandon Hopper, N.C. Cooperative ExtensionBrandon HopperBusiness and Technology Application Technician Call Brandon Email Brandon Horticultural Science
NC State Extension, NC State University
Page Last Updated: 3 years ago
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